Belavezha Agreement

That morning, they met again and worked on the rest of the agreement. After the signing, Shushkevich called Gorbachev, while Yeltsin called the then US president, George H.W. Bush. Shushkevich said Gorbachev hanged him when he learned that Bush had been talking about the deals. During the Belavezha talks, the seed of a far-reaching agreement was planted when then-Russian Foreign Minister Gennady Burbulis unexpectedly asked if others were willing to sign a declaration that “the USSR, as a geopolitical reality and under international law, is ending its existence.” The Belovezha Agreements (Russian: Беловелoyons-nousские соглашения, Belarusian: Белавеhererlyскае пагаднене, Ukrainian: Біловезькі угоди) are agreements that form the agreement that the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) declared effective independent of existence and established the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in its place as a successor entity. It was established on 8 December 1991 in the State Dacha near Viskuli in Belovezhskaya Pushcha by the leaders of three of the four republics, who signed the Treaty establishing the USSR – signed by Russian President Boris Yeltsin and First Deputy Prime Minister of the RSFSR/Russian Federation Gennady Burbulis, Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and Ukrainian Prime Minister Vitold Fokin, Speaker of the Belarusian Parliament Stanislav Shushkevich and Belarusian Prime Minister Vyslav Kebich. On December 1, the three Belavezha signatories met with the leaders of eight other Soviet republics in Alma-Ata Kazakhstan and all signed a protocol that joins the CIS. The United Nations recognized the document on December 23. The agreement made Russia the successor state of the Soviet Union and entrusted it with full responsibility for the USSR`s debt and nuclear arsenal. While Shushkevich described the deal as a pragmatic response to urgent challenges, former President Kravchuk became more philosophical and presented it as the culmination of Ukraine`s “long road to independence” after a century in which 15 million Ukrainians had died under Soviet rule (Kravchuk spoke in Ukrainian in the first half of his speech, then slipped into Russian for the second). .