Kyoto Agreement Summary

1992: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development is held in Rio de Janeiro. It is the result of, among other things, the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC or UNFCCC) The Kyoto Protocol, a pioneering environmental treaty adopted at COP3 in Japan in 1997, is the first time that nations have agreed on legislated country emission reduction targets. The protocol, which only came into force in 2005, set binding emission reduction targets only for industrialized countries, based on the fact that they are responsible for most of the world`s high greenhouse gas emissions. The United States first signed the agreement, but never ratified it; President George W. Bush argued that the agreement would hurt the U.S. economy because developing countries such as China and India would not be included. In the absence of the participation of these three countries, the effectiveness of the treaty was limited, as its objectives covered only a small fraction of total global emissions. In 2005, many countries, including those in the EU, planned to meet or exceed the agreement`s targets by 2011. Others, such as the United States and China – the world`s largest emitters – have produced enough greenhouse gases to mitigate the progress of countries that have met their targets.

In fact, global emissions increased by about 40% between 1990 and 2009. The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and the presence of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. The key principle of the Kyoto Protocol was that industrialized countries had to reduce the volume of their CO2 emissions. Although most countries submitted targeted reduction plans, they were nothing more than promises in the absence of an enforcement mechanism. For example, the Obama administration committed the United States to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 17% from 2005 to 2020 levels, followed by a 45% reduction from 2005 to 2030 levels and an 85% reduction from 2005 to 2050 levels. That sounds impressive, but the government has had no chance of getting Congress to accept that commitment. In reality, there is no international agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions and there is no stagnation, as was written in 2014. At the same time, climate scientists believe that uncontrolled GHG emissions are somewhat likely to increase average temperatures by 6.7 degrees Celsius by 2100, resulting in an increase that would result in catastrophic human losses.6 The President`s promise to renegotiate the international climate agreement has always been a smokescreen, the oil industry has a red phone inside. , and will Trump Food Trucks bring to Old Faitfulh? Taking part in an election campaign promise, Trump – a climate denier who has claimed that climate change is a “hoax” perpetrated by China, announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement.