Agreement Between Germany And Japan

On the eve of the implementation of the tripartite pact, the Soviet Union was informed of its existence and the potential of its accession. [18] Vyacheslav Molotov was therefore sent to Berlin to discuss the pact and the possibility of the accession of the Soviet Union. [18] The Soviets viewed membership of the tripartite pact as an update of existing agreements with Germany. [18] During the visit to Berlin, Molotov accepted the principle of the Soviet Union`s accession to the pact if certain details, such as the Soviet annexation of Finland, could be elaborated. [18] On 25 November, the Soviet government sent Germany a revised version of the pact. [18] To demonstrate the benefits of the partnership, the Soviet Union made great economic offers to Germany. [18] After Germany had to cede most of its possessions in the Pacific and Asia to Japan and Franco-German cooperation intensified, relations between Berlin and Tokyo were almost dead. At the initiative of Wilhelm Solf, German ambassador to Japan from 1920 to 1928, cultural exchanges intensified again. In 1926, a cultural agreement was signed, which led to the re-foundation of the “German-Japanese society” (1926), the founding of the “Japan Institute” in Berlin (1926), the founding of the “Japanese-Deutschen Kulturgesellschaft” in Tokyo (1927), and the creation of the “Japanese-Deutschen Forschungsinstitut” in Kyoto (1934). [27] [28] France and Germany were also very attractive to Japanese people who wanted to study abroad, both countries having remained undervalued in the 1920s. [29] As German universities are considered superior to their French counterparts, 80% of Japanese students who have gone abroad have chosen Germany.

[29] Indeed, in the 1930s, many men who presented themselves as leaders of the pan-Asian movement in Japan studied in the 1920s at German universities, leading the Japanese historian Hotta Eri to find that there was a strong German influence on the discourse of Japanese pan-christianism. [29] Yet, as of 2008, Japan was Germany`s second largest trading partner in Asia, after China. [110] In 2006, German imports from Japan amounted to 15.6 billion euros and German exports to Japan amounted to 14.2 billion euros (15.4% and 9% more, respectively, than the previous year). However, in 2008, Japanese exports and imports to and from the European Union decreased by 7.8% and 4.8%, respectively, after increasing by 5.8% in 2007 due to the global financial crisis.